What is the PASS technique for using a fire extinguisher?

The PASS technique is a simple and effective method for using a fire extinguisher to control and extinguish small fires. PASS is an acronym that stands for:


  1. Pull: Start by pulling the safety pin or ring from the handle of the fire extinguisher. This step will allow you to discharge the extinguishing agent.


  1. Aim: Point the nozzle or hose of the fire extinguisher at the base of the fire, not at the flames themselves. Aiming at the base ensures that you’re targeting the source of the fire and not just the visible flames.


  1. Squeeze: Squeeze the handle or lever to release the extinguishing agent. By doing this, you can release the suppressant material to smother the fire.


  1. Sweep: While keeping the extinguisher aimed at the base of the fire, sweep from side to side to cover the entire area of the fire. Continue sweeping until the fire is fully extinguished.


Remember to stay at a safe distance from the fire and have an escape route in case the fire cannot be controlled. The PASS technique is a valuable tool for quickly and effectively tackling small fires, but it’s essential to prioritise safety and call the fire department for larger or more dangerous fires. To learn more about PASS and all the techniques, find our more comprehensive guide to using fire extinguishers HERE.